**SHRI MAHA GANAPATAYE NAMAH**

**Jaimini System – A Revelation**

**By**

** Madhura Krishnamurthi Sastri, India.**

**Translator:** Sreeram Medapali

**Copy Editor:** Shanmukha

**Introduction**

In the science of predictive astrology, there are 3 famous systems – Parasara, Jaimini and Yavana. Among them, Jamini School gives remarkable and specific predictions using distinctly different methods from the other two. In this paper, an overview of Jaimini system is discussed with the help of Somanatha Mishra’s Kalpalatha, a commentary on Jaimini Sutras.

**Parashara System**

In this system delineation of twelve bhavas (houses) that is Tanu, Dhana etc., and Dasa and Antara dasa results occupy a major role. In this system, results related to the bhavas like Tanu, Dhana, Bhratri, Matri bhava etc are determined by the relationship between planets and bhavas and fructification of results is determined from the results of dasa – antardasa. The dasa system in this school is planet based and Vimsottari, Astottari, Shodashottari etc. dasas are discussed. The application of these dasas is decided by the time of birth of the native i.e. specific combinations on the horoscope, yet; in general, the results are decided by Vimsottari dasa only.

**Yavana System**

In this school of thought, the results are decided by the following six types of combinations

1 | Grahaja: | The results that planet give of its own, i.e. the signification of planet |

2 | Bhavaja: | The results by significations of the houses |

3 | Rashija: | The results by the signification of signs Aries, Taurus etc. |

4 | Graha Bhavaja: | The result of a planet in a particular house. |

5 | Graha Rasija: | The results of planet in a particular sign |

6 | Graha Yogaja: | The results of the combination planets, signs and houses |

These six types of results are modified by the permutations and combinations of individual significations of signs and planets, combinations of two, three planets etc. The dasa system in this school depends on the longevity and then selecting the suitable dasa system.

**Jaimini System**

Jaimini system while absorbing the topics from the above two systems, also mentions other topics and distinct / peculiar topics / subject matters. The dasa system is mainly Rasi (Sign) based and is drastically different from the above two systems. It is found that Jaimini concepts are also dealt with in Parasara Hora Sastra (BPHS) by Sage Parasara. Due to non availability of complete and unadulterated version of BPHS, it is difficult to understand the Jaimini concepts with the available BPHS versions.

**Kalpalathar – An Exposition of Jaimini**

Somanatha Mishra, son of Krishna Mishra wrote Kalpalatha, his commentary on Jaimini Sutras. He explained in the work about the concept introduced in the Jaimini Upadesa Sutras chapter wise and indicated that Sage Jaimini wrote 8 Chapters (Adhyayas) in Sutra form, 4 Chapters each on mathematical and predictive part. We explain in the following lines the introductory chapter given by Somanatha Mishra for the benefit of readers.

**Translation:** Maharshi Jaimini, the divine incarnation, explained mathematical part (Ganita Sastra) (theory related to calculation of planets, tithi etc) in four chapters and predictive part in another four chapters. Through these four chapters on Predictive part He enumerated means to predict good and bad results for all lives including animals, to determine the longevity, the knowledge about netherworlds, predictions regarding the lives of kings, using Karaka, lagna, drekkana and navamsa.

Somanatha mentioned the various topics discussed in the Jaimini Sutras chapter wise in the following lines.

**Translation:** In this Upadesa sasthra, Sage Jaimini explained the significations of signs, karaka planets, Arudha Pada, Rajayoga and their respective results in the first chapter.

**Explanation:** There are four chapters each comprising four padas (quarter) and hence resulting in total 16 padas.

First quarter contains 35 sutras and discusses

- Rasi Drishis
- Argala
- Chara karaka → Atma Karaka (AK) etc.
- Arudha Pada

Second quarter contains 1z1 sutras, discusses Karakamsa and houses from Karakamsa Lagna. 3rd quarter contains 45 sutras, explains various Dhana and Rajayogas from Arudha Lagna (AL). Fourth quarter deals with the spouse, children, brothers and devotion from Upapada lagna (UL) in 49 sutras. So, in total, the first Chapter contains z50 sutras.

This chapter lists 40 dasa systems in total.

**Explanation:** In Jaimini Sutras 1st quarter of znd chapter, Sage Jaimini explained calculation of longevity of the native, Ayurdasas and respective Maraka planets, and calculation of antara dasa in total 60 sutras. In znd quarter Sage explained the death inflicting periods for Father, Mother, Spouse and the co-borns and the cause of their death in total 33 sutras. In 3rd quarter, He mentioned variations of different dasas, strength of signs and planets, death inflicting periods for Matri, Pitri bhavas etc. in total 30 sutras. In 4th quarter, He explained variations of Chara Dasa, calculation of various other sign dasas and general results of Rasi Dasas in 37 sutras.

Somanatha explained these 40 dasas, but didn’t explain the calculation of them. He directed the readers to read the “Mula Sastra” by Kalidasa. Somanatha mentioned the following dasas in the znd chapter of Kalpalatha.

- Atma Dasa
- Chara Dasa
- Varnada Dasa – 4 types
- 4. Nakshatra Dasa
- Navamsa Dasa
- Sthira Dasa
- Shoola Dasa
- Prakarantara Shoola Dasa (Another variation of Shoola Dasa)
- Yoga Dasa also known as Yogartha Dasa
- Prakarantara Chara Dasa (Another variation of Chara Dasa) – 3 Types
- Karaka Dasa
- Chara Paryaya Dasa
- Sthira Paryaya Dasa – 2 Types
- Nakshatra Bheda Dasa
- Trikona Dasa
- Drishti (Drik) Dasa
- Kendra Dasa

Somanatha extensively dealt with the calculation of the longevity of the native, determination of Maraka (Death inflicting) planets, Maraka planets for Mother and Father etc.

**Raghava Bhatta**, the author of **“Jataka Sara Sangraha”** explained the following 1z Ayur (longevity) dasas in the Ayurdaya Part (Longevity Chapter).

- Hora Dasa
- Darpana Dasa
- Soola Dasa
- Maheswara Dasa
- Atma Nadi Dasa
- Sthira Dasa
- Varnada Dasa
- Chara Paryaya Dasa
- Atmanobhava Pamsa Dasa
- Jaya Bhava Pamsa Dasa
- Atmamsa Bhava Pamsa Dasa
- Drekkana Dasa

Mostly the first and second chapters of Jaimini Sutras are popular. We have the following commentaries for the 1st and 2nd chapters available and even in BPHS; there is an exposition in verses of the concepts in 1st and 2nd chapter only.

- Neelakantha, being most popular
- Bala Krishnananda Swami
- Venkateswara Vriiti
- Guru Vritti
- Kesava Daivajna Vriddha Karikas
- Jaimini Sutrartha Prakasika
- Jaimini Padyamritam
- Achyutananda Jha Vyakhya
- Sitaram Jha Vyakhya
- Commentary by B.Suryanarain Rao, published by Dr. B.V.Raman

Somanatha writes the following, in the 2nd chapter of Kalpalatha.

**Translation:** Sage Jaimini gave exposition of Rajayoga, calculation of longevity according to Drekkana, 16 other dasas, female horoscopy in the 3rd chapter.

**Explanation:** Sage Jaimini explained Rajayogas from Drekkana chart in the first quarter, determination of longevity according to Drekkena and 16 types of Rasi dasas according to Antaranga Sashtra (*explained later in this paper*) in 2nd quarter, female horoscopy in 3rd quarter and determination of Yoga Bhanga (Cancellation of Yogas), various dasas, Argala, Raja Yoga according to Amsa (Navamsa) in the 4th quarter of 3rd chapter.

**Translation:** Sage Jaimini gave exposition of nature of death, visiting other countries, life after death and 14 types of dasas.

**Explanation:** In the commentary of Somanatha, Drekkana plays an important role. He writes Drekkana is Antaranga sastra (which is an implied secret system). He writes

**Translation:** In Somanatha’s interpretation, 3rd chapter of Jaimini Sutras deals with the Antaranga system. The results described by the Lagna, Karaka, Karakamsa and Arudha are called Bahiranga system (As apparent/ external system), where as 3rd chapter deals with Antaranga system (An implied system) of Drekkana4. And since the implied is more powerful than the apparent, the 3rd chapter of Jaimini Sutras is very important and the results ascribed shall be read from the Drekkana chart.

**Explanation:** We could fortunately get hold of the Neelakanthas commentary on 3rd and 4th chapters of Jaimini sutras which I could transcribe from the manuscript available with our Gurudeva Sri Venkata Ramana Daivajna. We learnt that it was printed in Bombay decades ago, but isn’t traceable. Sri B.V.Raman published English commentary by Sri S.K.Kar, Calcutta on these 3rd and 4th chapters. But after studying the manuscript of Neelakantha commentary, we could find that there is a lot of difference in Sutras between Neelakantha’s commentary and Sri S.K.Kar’s commentary. Neelakantha commentary has 145 sutras in 4th quarter of 3rd Chapter, where as these Sutras are no resemblance with the Sutras given by Sri S.K.Kar. Yet, these sutras in Sri S.K.Kar’s commentary are in resemblance with the manuscript No. 13727 of Madras Oriental Libray, Chennai. So it is doubtful whether the manuscript available with us of Neelakantha commentary is original or not.

We couldn’t trace out the complete work of Somanatha’s Kalpalatha, but up to the commentary for 1st quarter of 4th chapter only. And again, the Somanatha commentary on 3rd and 4th chapters differs distinctly with S.K.Khar’s commentary.

**Important Parameters for Analysis of an Horoscope**

Somanatha mentioned four important parameters for the analysis of a horoscope.

- Lagna
- Karaka
- Drekkana
- Amsaka (He interpreted Amsaka as Arudha Pada)

The following 5 lagnas useful for determination of Rajayoga on the horoscope

- Tripravana Lagna
- Sri Lagna
- Indu Lagna
- Vilagna
- Bhagadhikamsa Lagna (Karakamsa Lagna)

The following other lagnas can also be effectively used, but these are secondary.

- Hora Lagna
- Ghati Lagna
- Chandra Lagna

Yogada and Kevala Grahas play an important role in determining the Raja Yoga and Avayoga of the horoscope.

The planet aspecting lagna is called Drashta or Yogada planet and ‘*Argala shall be calculated only to Yogada planet only**‘*. The strength and influence on this planet shall decide the extent of Raja Yoga of the horoscope.

**Applicability of Dasas – The Speciality**

**Raja Yoga Dasas**

Out of dasas mentioned in znd Chapter of Jaimini Sutras only 11 dasas can be applied to Rajayoga horoscopes. Out of them only 5 are useful for the horoscopes of Kings.

Below you would find 4 dasas which are equally applicable for any Rajayoga horoscope and the results gotten similar with any two dasas always come true.

- Yogartha Dasa
- Manduka Pluti Dasa (Pluti means Jump).
- Labhadhipastha Drekkana Dasa
- Bhava Rahasya Dasa

**Ordinary Dasas**

The following dasas are applicable for Kings with no Rajayoga or for the Kings with Rajayoga Bhanga (Cancellation of Rajayoga) in the horoscope.

- Nakshatra Bheda Dasa
- Nakshatra Raja Dasa
- Nisarga Dasa
- Chara Dasa
- Chara Paryaya Dasa
- Sthira Paryaya Dasa
- Gochara (Trikona) Dasa

**Ayur Dasas for Longevity**

Somanatha Mishra mentioned that Longevity should be calculated from lagna, lord of 8th, Moon, Hora Lagna, Ghatika Lagna and Drekkana. The following dasas are useful for longevity.

- Bramha Graha Dasa
- Varnada Dasa
- Chara Dasa
- Chara Paryaya Dasa

**Conclusion**

Thus, Somanatha Mishra mentioned many parameters for the analysis of horoscope, which are distinctly different from Parasara and Yavana systems. His father Krishna Mishra mentioned much more details in his treatise “Phalaratnamala”. He claimed to have followed Sarvajna Muni (Sage Sarvajna) in writing the book. It looks that the school of these two great commentators of Jaimini system is very ancient and much more exhaustive in content and drastically differs from the modern commentators. And since this wonderful Jaimini Tradition is lost to us, it is difficult to understand this system comprehensively. It is learnt that Jain Astrologers also have done excellent work on this system, if a massive hunt is carried out in the manuscript libraries available across India, it is hoped that this system could be revived to the maximum possible extent. We hope suitable steps should take place in near future by eminent scholars.

Categories: Astrology, Jaimini Astrology

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